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Vet Immunol Immunopathol. 1996 Mar;50(1-2):19-27.

Changes of lymphocyte subpopulations in pigs infected with porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) virus.

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National Institute of Animal Health, Ibaraki, Japan.


Abnormal changes of T-cell subpopulation were observed in the peripheral blood lymphocytes of pigs infected with porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) virus. Pigs with naturally occurring PRRS revealed increases in CD2+ and CD8+ cells, and decreases in CD4+ cells and the ratios of CD4+/CD8+ cells. Specific-pathogen-free pigs inoculated with PRRS virus showed remarkable decreases in total lymphocytes, CD4+ and CD2+ cells on Postinoculation Day (PID) 3. The decline of CD4+ cells continued for at least 14 days, while CD2+ cells showed a tendency to increase thereafter. On the other hand,CD8+ cells slightly decreased in number on PID 3, and then increased remarkably; their number was significantly larger on PIDs 28 and 35 than on PID 0. The ratios of CD4+/CD8+ cells were significantly low between PIDs 3 and 28 as compared with PID 0. However, there were no differences in thymocyte subpopulations between infected and non-infected pigs, suggesting that the PRRS virus does not modulate intrathymic T-cell differentiation. In an experiment with peripheral blood mononuclear cell cultures, PRRS virus caused neither alteration of T-cell subpopulations nor cell proliferation, suggesting that the virus is not cytotoxic for CD4+ cells and not mitogenic for CD8+ cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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