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Res Microbiol. 1996 Oct;147(8):641-9.

Flagellin gene profiling of Campylobacter jejuni heat-stable serotype 1 and 4 complex.

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Laboratory of Enteric Pathogens, Central Public Health Laboratory, London, United Kingdom.


Flagellin gene (flaA) sequence polymorphisms were used to discriminate amongst 167 strains of Campylobacter jejuni serotype HS1 and the HS4 complex. Direct PCR of cell suspensions provided a rapid method for analysing DNase-negative strains, whereas purified DNA was necessary for the DNase-positive strains. Nine different PCR-RFLP patterns (genotypes) were identified by analysis with Hinfl and 12 with Ddel, giving a total of 19 combined flaA profile types. The most common combined fla types were H1D1 (35%) and H1D2 (20%) for serotype HS1, and H1D2 (23%) and H4D7 (43%) for serotype HS4. Comparison of flaA typing with other key subtyping methods for C. jejuni showed it to be less discriminatory than pulsed field gel electrophoretic (PFGE) profiling, but more so than ribotyping. Fla types provided a useful indication of strain diversity, but as some were conserved across different serotypes, ribotypes and PFGE types, the same fla type could not be used as the sole basis for grouping strains. We provide evidence for several distinct subgroups based on conserved multiple genomic criteria within the HS1 and HS4 strains, and conclude that monitoring of such subgroups could provide a novel basis for future epidemiological surveillance of C. jejuni.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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