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J Pharm Sci. 1977 Nov;66(11):1579-82.

Quantitative analysis of methadone in biological fluids using deuterium-labeled methadone and GLC-chemical-ionization mass spectrometry.


The (+)-,(-)-, and (+/-)-2H5-methadones, which contained five deuterium atoms in one aromatic ring, were synthesized for use in clinical pharmacological studies and as internal standards. GLC-chemical-ionization mass spectrometry was used to determine plasma and urinary methadone levels by an inverse isotope dilution assay. Plasma drug levels could be determined to 10 pmoles/ml, and urine levels could be measured to 5 pmoles/ml. Plasma methadone levels were examined in several patients undergoing methadone maintenance therapy. These levels generally ranged between 100 and 400 ng/ml (320-1300 pmoles/ml) after an average oral dose of 1 mg/kg/day. The methadone half-life was 28.8 +/- 4.8 hr.

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