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Pediatr Surg Int. 1997 Feb;12(2-3):208-10.

Combination of "patch, drain, and wait" and home total parenteral nutrition for midgut volvulus with massive ischemia/necrosis.

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Department of Surgery, Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, 1000 W. Carson Street, Torrance, Ca 90509, USA.


The successful use of a combination of "patch, drain, and wait" (PDW) and home total parenteral nutrition (TPN) in the management of a case of acute, catastrophic midgut volvulus in a 2-year-11-month-old boy with near-total ischemia/necrosis of his small intestine is reported. The PDW approach to the highly effective management of acute midgut ischemia/necrosis in infancy and childhood (necrotizing enterocolitis and midgut volvulus) involves maximum gut salvage by avoidance of resection, stoma formation, or both through the use of extensive peritoneal cavity drainage by Penrose drains, TPN, and broad-spectrum antibiotics. The extensive peritoneal drainage fosters capture of enteric fistulas with the formation of enterostomies at drain exit sites, while adhesions and ischemia/inflammation-induced hypervascular obliteration of the peritoneal cavity diminish the potential for peritonitis (no peritoneal cavity, no peritonitis) and facilitate impressive salvage of seemingly hopelessly lost ischemic/necrotic gut (a simulation of the in utero ischemic gut process leading to atresias and some varying, but generally mild, gut loss) while simultaneously contributing to the resorption of absolutely non-salvageable gut and the creation of a remarkably clean and adhesion-free peritoneal cavity resembling that of a newborn infant with midgut intestinal atresia.

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