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Leuk Lymphoma. 1997 Jan;24(3-4):229-37.

The retinoblastoma susceptibility gene RB-1 in multiple myeloma.

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Laboratoire d'Hématologie, Inserm U211, Nantes, France.


Genetic mechanisms leading to the development of multiple myeloma (MM) remain poorly understood. Given the frequency of chromosome 13 deletion in MM and the localization in 13q14 of the retinoblastoma susceptibility gene RB-1, an involvement of RB-1 in MM pathogenesis has been proposed. Moreover, interleukin-6 (IL-6) has been shown to be the main growth factor for MM in vitro and in vivo. The product of the RB-1 gene (pRB) can down-regulate IL-6 gene expression. Absence of pRB may then induce an autocrine IL-6 expression in myeloma cells and contribute to the autonomous growth of MM. As assessed in this review, heterozygous deletion of RB-1 is very common in MM but does not alter gene transcription and protein expression. Nevertheless, homozygous deletion of RB-1 has been identified in some MM patients with advanced disease and in the IL-6-autocrine human myeloma cell line U266. Thus, even if inactivation of RB-1 appears to be only a rare and late oncogenic event in MM and is not likely to represent the main mechanism involved in IL-6 up-regulation in MM, definitive assessment of the actual role played by RB-1 in MM pathogenesis still needs further investigation particularly the examination of pRB function.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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