Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Microb Drug Resist. 1995 Spring;1(1):5-8.

Antibiotic-resistant pneumococci in pediatric disease.

Author information

1
Department of Medical Microbiology, University of the Witwatersrand Medical School, South African Institute for Medical Research, Johannesburg, South Africa.

Abstract

The surveillance of pneumococcal resistance in nasopharyngeal isolates is a practical way to determine the prevalence of resistant strains and is a reasonable predictor of resistance in systemic isolates. The increasing prevalence of resistance is shifting the distribution of invasive pneumococcal serotypes toward those included in conjugate vaccines. If these vaccines reduce carriage, they may eliminate or greatly reduce the prevalence of resistant strains. Meningitis is the most important infection caused by PRP for which penicillin or ampicillin therapy is inappropriate. Although the extended spectrum cephalosporins will be effective for most cases of PRP meningitis, it is clear that such therapy is not foolproof. It is important for the laboratory to test CSF isolates not only for penicillin resistance but also for resistance to the cephalosporins. beta-Lactam antibiotics can still be considered appropriate empiric therapy for otitis media, pneumonia, or sepsis. However, occasional treatment failures with these agents may necessitate use of alternative therapeutic strategies.

PMID:
9156379
DOI:
10.1089/mdr.1995.1.5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
    Loading ...
    Support Center