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Radiother Oncol. 1997 Mar;42(3):219-29.

Primary chemotherapy and preoperative irradiation for patients with stage II larger than 3 cm or locally advanced non-inflammatory breast cancer.

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1
Service d'Oncologie-Radiothérapie, hôpital Tenon, Paris, France.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:

To evaluate possibility of breast-conserving therapy and outcome for patients with locally advanced non-inflammatory breast cancer (LABC) and stage II >3 cm in diameter after primary chemotherapy (CT) followed by external preoperative irradiation (RT).

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Between 1982 and 1990, 147 patients were treated by four courses of induction CT (doxorubicin, vincristine, cyclophosphamide, 5-fluorouracil) followed by preoperative RT (45 Gy to the breast and nodal areas) and a fifth course of CT. Three different loco-regional approaches were proposed depending on tumour characteristics and tumour response. After completion of local therapy, all patients received a sixth course of CT and a maintenance adjuvant CT regimen without anthracycline.

RESULTS:

Mastectomy and axillary dissection were performed in 52 patients, and conservative treatment in 95 patients (48 achieved complete remission and received additional radiation boost to initial tumour bed; 47 had a residual mass < or =3 cm in diameter and were treated by wide excision and axillary dissection followed by a boost to the excision site. Ten-year actuarial loco-regional failure rate was 20% after RT alone, 23% after wide excision and RT and 6% after mastectomy (P = 0.85). After multivariate analysis, possibility of breast-conserving therapy was related to initial tumour size. Ten-year overall survival rate was 66%; it was not influenced by local treatment (conservative vs. non-conservative local treatment, P = 0.89). However, local failure significantly decreased overall survival (P < 0.0001). After multivariate analysis, tumour response after induction CT and clinical stage had a significant impact on survival.

CONCLUSIONS:

The present data indicate that induction CT followed by preoperative RT may permit the selection of some patients with LABC or stage II >3 cm for conservative treatment. The impact of this treatment modality on long term survival remains to be established.

PMID:
9155070
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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