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J Med Chem. 1997 May 9;40(10):1495-510.

Folate-based inhibitors of thymidylate synthase: synthesis and antitumor activity of gamma-linked sterically hindered dipeptide analogues of 2-desamino-2-methyl-N10-propargyl-5,8-dideazafolic acid (ICI 198583).

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1
CRC Centre for Cancer Therapeutics at The Institute of Cancer Research, Cancer Research Campaign Laboratories, Sutton, Surrey, England.

Abstract

In an effort to synthesize inhibitors of thymidylate synthase (TS) that do not undergo polyglutamation, a series of gamma-linked sterically hindered dipeptide analogues of 2-desamino-2-methyl-N10-propargyl-5,8-dideazafolic acid (ICI 198583) was prepared. A methyl, ethyl, or propargyl group was incorporated into the gamma-glutamyl amide bond of gamma-linked L,L dipeptide derivatives of ICI 198583, such as ICI 198583-gamma-L-Glu. In addition, steric bulk was introduced on either side of the gamma-glutamyl bond of ICI 198583-gamma-L-Glu or ICI 198583-gamma-L-Ala. The resulting dipeptide analogues, e.g., ICI 198583-gamma-MeGlu and ICI 198583-gamma-Aib, were apparently stable to in vivo hydrolysis but poorer inhibitors of TS and L1210 cell growth. However, introduction of 7-Me, 2'-F substitution into the quinazoline nucleus gave significant improvement in the inhibitory activity against thymidylate synthase. Compounds 28-30, the 7-Me, 2'-F derivatives of ICI 198583-gamma-MeGlu, ICI 198583-gamma-EtGlu, and ICI 198583-gamma-PgGlu, respectively, were potent inhibitors of TS (K(iapp) = 0.21-1.1 nM) and L1210 cell growth (IC50 = 0.05-0.34 microM) and were similar to that seen with the most potent gamma-linked L,D dipeptide derivatives of ICI 198583 previously synthesized. Furthermore, the low cross-resistance ratios for the L1210:R(D1694)/L1210 cell line indicated that 28-30 do not undergo polyglutamation.

PMID:
9154971
DOI:
10.1021/jm960878u
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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