Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Psychol Med. 1997 May;27(3):693-701.

Hostility and registered sickness absences: a prospective study of municipal employees.

Author information

1
Turku Regional Institute of Occupational Health, Finland.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Prior evidence on the relationship between hostility and minor health problems is limited to cross-sectional self-report studies. In the present study, this relationship was examined prospectively.

METHODS:

Hostility of 1077 municipal employees was measured by a questionnaire survey and minor health problems by using 4-year register-based absence data including medically certificated diagnoses.

RESULTS:

High hostility predicted a high total number of long-term sickness absence spells among men, but not among women. In separate diagnostic categories (musculo-skeletal, traumas and injuries, respiratory), hostility related positively and linearly to absences due to traumatic causes and curvilinearly (U-shape) to absences due to musculo-skeletal causes. Controlling the effects of health risk behaviour and demographic background did not significantly change these figures. However, health risk behaviour moderated the relations of hostility to overall long-term sickness absences, and to traumatic and musculo-skeletal absences, being significantly stronger in high-risk groups. No association was found between hostility and non-certificated short-term absence spells.

CONCLUSIONS:

The results suggest that hostility plays a role in the aetiology of minor health problems.

PMID:
9153689
DOI:
10.1017/s0033291797004832
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center