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Biochemistry. 1997 May 13;36(19):5729-38.

Altered sialylation of osteopontin prevents its receptor-mediated binding on the surface of oncogenically transformed tsB77 cells.

Author information

1
Department of Biology, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Abstract

It has been reported previously that oncogenically transformed cells secrete different molecular forms of osteopontin (OPN), a sialic acid-rich, adhesive, phosphoglycoprotein, than OPNs secreted by their nontransformed counterparts. However, the origin of the OPN isoform secreted by the transformed cells and whether it has different physiological properties which may serve transformation-specific functions remain poorly understood. Here, we report that Rat-1 cells transformed by a temperature-sensitive mutant of Rous sarcoma virus (tsB77) secrete two discrete molecular forms of OPN, a 69-kDa OPN at the nonpermissive temperature (41 degrees C) and a 62-kDa form at the permissive temperature (34 degrees C). However, tsB77 cells at both temperatures transcribe a single 1.6 kb OPN mRNA and contain only the 69-kDa form of OPN intracellularly, suggesting that the 69-kDa OPN is modified to the 62-kDa form prior to or immediately after secretion by cells at 34 degrees C. We ruled out proteolytic cleavage, differential phosphorylation, or lack of N- or O-linked carbohydrates as the possible mechanism, but found that the 62-kDa OPN contains significantly reduced levels of sialic acid, as compared to its 69-kDa form. The binding assays using 32P-labeled OPN revealed that only the 69-kDa OPN, not its 62-kDa form, undergoes receptor-mediated localization on the cell surface, although tsB77 cells synthesize OPN receptors (alpha(v)beta3 integrins) at both permissive and nonpermissive temperatures. Furthermore, 125I-labeled purified milk OPN, which is highly sialylated and shows cell surface binding, upon digestion with neuraminidase failed to interact with the cell surface. Taken together, these results suggest that the difference between the 69-kDa and 62-kDa isoforms of OPN resides in their sialic acid content, and sialylation of OPN is crucial for its receptor-mediated binding on tsB77 cells. The data presented here demonstrate for the first time a physiological role of sialic acids in this protein, and raise the possibility that oncogenically transformed tsB77 cells may exploit the lack of OPN-receptor interactions for their invasive behavior.

PMID:
9153413
DOI:
10.1021/bi961687w
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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