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Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 1997 May;21(5):400-6.

Investigation of the relationship between infant temperament and later body composition.

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1
Infant and Child Nutrition Group, Dunn Nutrition Unit, Cambridge.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate the ability of maternally-rated infant temperament to predict fatness and activity patterns in early childhood.

DESIGN:

Longitudinal investigation of infants studied at 12 weeks and followed up at 2-3.5 y of age.

SUBJECTS:

Thirty healthy full-term infants from the general population.

MEASUREMENTS:

Body composition, behavioural activity and temperament at 12 weeks; anthropometry, body composition, diet and behavioural activity at follow-up.

RESULTS:

Infant temperament predicted later behaviour and fatness. Easily soothable infants had leaner childhood skinfold thicknesses (P < 0.02) and were more active in childhood (P < 0.025). Infant distress was also related to childhood diet composition.

CONCLUSIONS:

Infant temperament can predict later body composition and behaviour. Both energy intake and energy expenditure may be mechanisms by which the relationship develops.

PMID:
9152743
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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