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J Exp Med. 1997 May 19;185(10):1735-42.

Preferential interaction of a novel tumor surface protein (p38.5) with naive natural killer cells.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, State University of New York Health Science Center at Brooklyn, Brooklyn, New York 11203, USA.

Abstract

A receptor-ligand interaction exclusive to natural killer (NK) cell-mediated recognition and triggering of tumor cell destruction has not yet been identified. In contrast, molecules that are involved in cellular adhesion and regulation of NK cytolysis have been well studied. In this report, a novel tumor surface protein is identified that exhibits characteristics of a recognition structure for naive NK cells. A tagged ligand-cell adsorption technique revealed a 38.5-kD plasma membrane protein (p38.5) from a prototypical NK-susceptible cell line (K562) that preferentially bound to NK cells (CD3(-)CD5(-)CD16(+)) relative to T lymphocytes (CD3(+)CD5(+) CD16(-)). The molecule was purified to apparent homogeneity for further characterization. An amino acid sequence of an 11-mer internal peptide of p38.5 did not exhibit homology to known proteins. Affinity-purified antibody generated against this peptide (anti-p38.5) reacted with a single protein of 38.5 kD on Western blots of whole cell extracts of K562. Flow cytometry and immunoprecipitation studies of surface-labeled tumor cells demonstrated expression of p38.5 on NK-susceptible tumor cell lines (K562, MOLT-4, Jurkat), whereas p38.5 was not detected on NK-resistant tumor cell lines (A549, Raji, MDA-MB-231). Significantly, p38.5 loss variants derived from wild-type Jurkat and Molt-4 cell lines exhibited decreased susceptibility to NK cell-mediated lysis demonstrating a strong association between cell surface expression of p38.5 and cytotoxicity. Purified p38.5 retained preferential binding to NK cells and inhibited NK activity in a dose-dependent manner, thereby providing direct evidence of a role in the lytic process. Binding studies identified a 70-kD membrane protein from NK cells as a possible receptor for the p38.5 tumor ligand. Consistent with cellular adsorption studies, the 70-kD, p38.5 binding protein was not detected on T lymphocytes. Based on studies demonstrating selective binding of p38.5 to NK cells, lack of expression on NK-resistant tumor cell lines and ability of the purified molecule to block cytolysis, we conclude that p38.5 may serve as a recognition/triggering ligand for naive human NK cells.

PMID:
9151698
PMCID:
PMC2196309
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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