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Histol Histopathol. 1997 Apr;12(2):447-57.

Field emission SEM, conventional TEM and HVTEM study of submandibular gland in prenatal and postnatal aging mouse.

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  • 1Department of Anatomy, University of Sao Paulo, Brazil.

Abstract

The development of acinar and ductal cells of the mouse submandibular gland was studied using field emission SEM, conventional TEM and HVTEM methods. The specimens, at 15 and 18 days of gestation and 1, 3, 7, 14, 21, 30, 90 and 180 postnatal days were fixed in 2.5% glutaraldehyde solution in 0.1 M sodium phosphate buffer (pH 7.3). At 15 and 18 days of gestation, the structure of mouse submandibular gland contains acinar and ductal cells in proliferation. The cytoplasmic organelles such as mitochondria, granular endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi apparatuses are scattered in the cytoplasm. At 18 prenatal days only several acinar cells present immature secretory granules in the apical portion. In this stage the acinar and ductal cells are enveloped by bundles of fine collagen fibrils disposed in several directions. There are also numerous capillaries located closely to the acinar cell membranes. In the aging stages of 1, 3, 7, 14, 21, and 30 postnatal days, the histo-differentiation of acinar, intercalated and ductal cell components are observed. At newborn day one the cytoplasmic organelles start to place themselves around the nucleus. Several immature secretory granules are observed at day one, however, they increase in the aging days. At postnatal day 30, the cytoplasms of acinar and ductal cells are filled with a large number of secretory granules of different sizes. The stacks of granular endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi apparatus and some vesicles and free ribosomes are noted. The intercellular membranes are attached by desmosomes and cytoplasmic interdigitations. The luminal surface shows several small projections of microvilli. An electron-dense line of basement membranes followed by fine collagen fibrils are recognized. Delicate capillaries are found in the outer surface of acinar cells. At postnatal day 90 and 180 the acinar, intercalated and striated ductal cells reveal numerous secretory granules in the apical portion. The acinar cells showed basal nuclei and the parallel arrangement of granular endoplasmic reticulum. The mitochondria are located at the base of ductal cells showing a typical pattern of cristae. In these stages the intercellular digitations of cytoplasmic protrusions and desmosomes are also noted. The cytoplasm of myoepithelial cells are seen along the cell membranes. The spongy-like structures constituting the basement membrane are followed by bundles of fine collagen fibers.

PMID:
9151134
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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