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Electrophoresis. 1997 Mar-Apr;18(3-4):557-62.

Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis of Caenorhabditis elegans homogenates and identification of protein spots by microsequencing.

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Department of Molecular Biology, University of Siena, Italy.


Employing isoelectric focusing on immobilized pH gradients followed by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) we have obtained a map of C. elegans proteins, from a mixed culture containing all developmental stages, presenting over 2000 spots within the window of isoelectric points (pI) 3.5-9 and a molecular mass of 10-200 kDa. Edman microsequencing yielded successful results in 12 out of 24 analyzed spots. All but one of the N-terminal sequences retrieved C. elegans sequences in cosmid and/or expressed sequence tag clones. Structurally related protein sequences found in data banks included enzymes in energy metabolism (cytochrome oxydase, ATP synthase, enolase), a fatty acid-binding protein, a translationally controlled tumor protein, an unknown C. elegans protein, an acidic ribosomal protein, a titin-like protein, a G-protein beta chain, cyclophilin, and cathepsin D. Experimental determination of N-termini allowed us to define sites of signal cleavage providing further information on the physiological role of the newly found C. elegans proteins. This report demonstrates the possibility of two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and Edman microsequencing in the elucidation of C. elegans proteome.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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