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Dev Psychol. 1997 May;33(3):518-25.

Relation between academic achievement and social adjustment: evidence from Chinese children.

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Department of Psychology, University of Western Ontario, London, Canada.


A sample of children in Shanghai, P.R. China, initially aged 10 and 12 years, participated in this 2-year longitudinal project. Information on academic achievement and indexes of social adjustment, including social competence, aggression, social inhibition, leadership, and peer acceptance, was collected from multiple sources. It was found that academic achievement predicted children's social competence and peer acceptance. In turn, children's social functioning and adjustment, including social competence, aggression-disruption, leadership, and peer acceptance, uniquely contributed to academic achievement. These results generally supported the "reciprocal effects" model concerning the relations between academic achievement and social adjustment (S. P. Hinshaw, 1992).

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