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Cancer Lett. 1997 May 19;115(2):229-34.

Sulindac sulfide inhibits the proliferation of colon cancer cells: diminished expression of the proliferation markers PCNA and Ki-67.

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Department of Medicine, Cornell University Medical College, New York, NY 10021, USA.


We evaluated the effect of sulindac sulfide (SS), which reduces cell number and induces apoptosis in cultured colon cancer cells (CCCs), on expression of the proliferation markers PCNA and Ki-67 in HT-29 and HCT-15 CCCs; only the former express cyclooxygenases. DNA content and PCNA/Ki-67 expression were analyzed by bivariate flow cytometry. SS inhibited cell proliferation, determined by the reduced expression of PCNA and Ki-67, roughly by half at 72 h, and induced apoptosis (accounting for about two-thirds and one-third of the reduction in cell number, respectively). A similar effect of SS occurred in HT-29 and HCT-15 CCCs, and also in non-colonic cells, indicating that this rather general effect of SS on cultured cells is not dependent on inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis.

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