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J Hepatol. 1997 Jan;26(1):25-30.

Does immunoglobulin interfere with the immunogenicity to Pasteur Mérieux inactivated hepatitis A vaccine?

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1
Istituto di Virologia, Universitàdi Milano, Italy.

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIMS:

The aim of this study was to compare the immunogenicity of Pasteur Mérieux (P.M. s.v.) inactivated hepatitis A vaccine when given alone with its immunogenicity when given in combination with immunoglobulin.

METHODS:

We enrolled 80 healthy volunteers who were seronegative for anti-HAV. Forty subjects (group A) were given two doses of vaccine at 0 and 6 months plus 4 ml of immunoglobulin given simultaneously with the first vaccine injection; and 40 subjects (group B) were given vaccine alone. The population characteristics (age, sex, height and weight) of the two groups were comparable.

RESULTS:

Anti-HAV antibody was detectable at week 1 in 100% of group A and in 5.7% of group B, and in 100% of both groups at 4 and 8 weeks. Seroconversion rates (> or = 20 mIU/ml) were 97.4% in group A and 100% in group B at week 24 and were 100% in both groups 4 weeks after a booster injection at 6 months. The antibody response level was lower after concomitant administration of vaccine with immunoglobulin. The antibody geometric mean titer was higher at week 1 in subjects who had been given vaccine and immunoglobulin, but nearly 50% lower at week 4 and thereafter, indicating inhibition of the vaccine-induced immune response by immunoglobulin. At week 28, i.e. 4 weeks after the booster injection, geometric mean titers had increased about 13-15 times in both groups, reaching highly protective antibody levels (3351 mIU/ml in group A and 5843 mIU/ml in group B). No serious adverse effects were observed during the follow-up.

CONCLUSIONS:

These data indicate that P.M. s.v. hepatitis A vaccine is highly immunogenic and safe, even when given simultaneously with immunoglobulin. Despite the interference of the immunoglobulin with the active immune response, individuals who were immunized passively plus actively also developed high titers of anti-HAV antibody. It is therefore reasonable to expect that this inhibition will not affect the overall protection conferred by the vaccine.

PMID:
9148018
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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