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J Urol. 1997 Jun;157(6):2067-70.

Patterns of tumor recurrence and guidelines for followup after nephron sparing surgery for sporadic renal cell carcinoma.

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1
Department of Urology, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Ohio 44195, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

We delineated patterns of tumor recurrence and developed guidelines for followup after nephron sparing surgery for sporadic renal cell carcinoma.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Before December 1994, 327 patients underwent nephron sparing surgery for sporadic localized renal cell carcinoma at our clinic. Mean postoperative followup was 55.6 months. The course and outcome for patients with postoperative recurrent renal cell carcinoma were reviewed in detail.

RESULTS:

Renal cell carcinoma recurred after nephron sparing surgery in 38 patients (11.6%), including 13 (4.0%) who had local tumor recurrence with (7) or without (6) metastatic disease and 25 (7.6%) who had metastatic disease without local tumor recurrence. Recurrent renal cell carcinoma was detected by associated symptoms in 25 patients and by a followup chest x-ray or abdominal computerized tomography (CT) in 13. The respective incidences of postoperative local tumor recurrence and metastatic disease according to initial pathological tumor stage were 0 and 4.4% for stage T1, 2.0 and 5.3% for stage T2, 8.2 and 11.5% for stage T3a, and 10.6 and 14.9% for stage T3b disease. The peak postoperative intervals until local tumor recurrence were 6 to 24 months (7 of 10 patients with stage T3 renal cell carcinoma) and longer than 48 months (all 3 with stage T2 disease). Patients with isolated local tumor recurrence had better survival compared to those with local tumor recurrence and metastatic disease or metastases only.

CONCLUSIONS:

Followup for recurrent malignancy after nephron sparing surgery for renal cell carcinoma can be tailored according to the initial pathological tumor stage. All patients should be evaluated yearly with a medical history, physical examination and select laboratory studies. Patients with stage T1 renal cell carcinoma require no additional monitoring, while those with stage T2 disease should also undergo a yearly chest x-ray and abdominal CT every 2 years. The same recommendations are offered for patients with stage T3 renal cell carcinoma except that abdominal CT should be done every 6 months for the first 2 years postoperatively.

PMID:
9146581
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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