Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Am J Public Health. 1997 Apr;87(4):591-6.

The effects of cigarette smoking and gestational weight change on birth outcomes in obese and normal-weight women.

Author information

1
School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis 55454, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The associations of infant birth outcomes with maternal pregravid obesity, gestational weight gain, and prenatal cigarette smoking were examined.

METHODS:

A retrospective analysis of 1343 obese and normal-weight gravidas evaluated the associations of cigarette smoking, gestational weight change, and pregravid body mass index with birthweight, low birthweight, and small- and large-for-gestational-age births.

RESULTS:

Smoking was associated with the delivery of lower-birthweight infants for both obese and normal-weight women, and gestational weight gain did not eliminate the birthweight-lowering effects of smoking. Women at highest risk of delivering lower-birthweight infants were obese smokers whose gestational gains were less than 7 kg and normal-weight smokers whose gestational gains were less than 11.5 kg.

CONCLUSIONS:

To balance the risks of small and large-size infants, gains of 7 to 11.5 kg for obese women and 11.5 to 16 kg for normal-weight women appear appropriate.

PMID:
9146437
PMCID:
PMC1380838
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center