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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1997 Apr 17;233(2):527-31.

Intramuscular injection of expression plasmid DNA is an effective means of long-term systemic delivery of interleukin-5.

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Department of Internal Medicine, Keio University School of Medicine, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, Japan.


It has been demonstrated that intramuscularly injected expression plasmid DNA is taken up by myofibers and subsequently expresses exogenous genes. In the present study, we assessed intramuscular DNA injection as a means of systemically delivering interleukin-5 (IL-5). We constructed an IL-5 expression plasmid, pCAGGS-IL-5, containing murine IL-5 cDNA under the control of the CAG promoter. The soleus muscle of mice was pretreated with bupivacaine. Two days later, mice were injected with pCAGGS-IL-5 or a control pCAGGS plasmid DNA at the same site. At 2 weeks after DNA injection, eosinophils had increased from 2-3% to 8-29% of peripheral white blood cells in 9 of 10 mice injected with pCAGGS-IL-5, while eosinophils never exceeded 3% in control mice injected with pCAGGS. IL-5 mRNA was present in the muscle area injected with pCAGGS-IL-5. IL-5 was also detectable by ELISA in the sera of most mice injected with pCAGGS-IL-5, but in none of the control mice. These results demonstrate that intramuscular plasmid injection serves as a useful method of systemically delivering cytokines by combining the strong CAG promoter and bupivacaine pretreatment.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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