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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1997 May 13;94(10):4988-93.

Cloning and characterization of TDD5, an androgen target gene that is differentially repressed by testosterone and dihydrotestosterone.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, University of Wisconsin Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53792, USA.


By using mRNA polymerase chain reaction differential display technique (DDPCR), we have identified one early responsive cDNA fragment, TDD5, from a 5alpha-reductase-deficient T cell hybridoma. The DDPCR profiles of TDD5 suggest that its expression can be repressed by testosterone (T) within 2 hr. More importantly, both DDPCR and Northern blot analysis further demonstrated that the expression of TDD5 was differentially repressed by T and dihydrotestosterone (DHT) at the mRNA level. To our knowledge, this is the first androgen target gene to show a preference in response to T over DHT in cell culture. TDD5 is expressed in several tissues with particular abundance in kidney. Full-length TDD5 cDNA (2,916 bp) encodes a protein with a calculated molecular weight of 42,000. Finally, our animal studies further confirm that TDD5 mRNA levels can be repressed to the basal level 8 hr after DHT administration. The isolation and characterization of the early-responsive androgen target gene TDD5 and the fact that TDD5 mRNA level can be differentially regulated by T and DHT may provide a useful tool to study the molecular mechanism of androgen preference on target gene regulation.

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