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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1997 May 13;94(10):4853-60.

Optical trapping and manipulation of neutral particles using lasers.

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1
Research Department, Bell Laboratories, Lucent Technologies (retired), Room 4B-405, Holmdel, NJ 07733-3030, USA.

Abstract

The techniques of optical trapping and manipulation of neutral particles by lasers provide unique means to control the dynamics of small particles. These new experimental methods have played a revolutionary role in areas of the physical and biological sciences. This paper reviews the early developments in the field leading to the demonstration of cooling and trapping of neutral atoms in atomic physics and to the first use of optical tweezers traps in biology. Some further major achievements of these rapidly developing methods also are considered.

PMID:
9144154
PMCID:
PMC24595
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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