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Clin Immunol Immunopathol. 1997 May;83(2):156-64.

Modulation of bovine leukemia virus-associated spontaneous lymphocyte proliferation by monoclonal antibodies to lymphocyte surface molecules.

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Department of Veterinary Microbiology and Pathology, Washington State University, Pullman 99164-7040, USA.


Both human T lymphotropic virus (HTLV) and bovine leukemia virus (BLV) infections are characterized by in vitro proliferation of peripheral blood lymphocytes in the absence of exogenous antigens or mitogens. Differential expression of lymphocyte surface molecules in HTLV and BLV infection suggests that lymphocyte dysregulation may involve signaling through surface molecules involved in immune regulation. We examined the expression of adhesion and major histocompatibility (MHC) molecules on circulating lymphocytes from BLV-infected cows with persistent lymphocytosis and the ability of monoclonal antibodies to these molecules to modulate spontaneous lymphocyte proliferation. The integrin molecule, CD11c, and both MHC class I and MHC class II molecules were upregulated on B and T lymphocytes from PL cows. Anti-CD11c antibody was stimulatory to lymphocyte proliferation regardless of BLV status and had a greater stimulatory effect on spontaneously proliferating lymphocytes from persistently lymphocytotic cows than on normal bovine lymphocytes. Antibodies to bovine class I and class II inhibited spontaneous lymphocyte proliferation. Results suggest that lymphocyte dysregulation in BLV-induced persistent lymphocytosis involves upregulation of and signaling through lymphocyte surface molecules which are involved in immune activation of lymphocytes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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