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Microbiology. 1997 Apr;143 ( Pt 4):1405-13.

Homologous regions of the Salmonella enteritidis virulence plasmid and the chromosome of Salmonella typhi encode thiol: disulphide oxidoreductases belonging to the DsbA thioredoxin family.

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Departamento de Microbiologia II, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad Complutense, Madrid, Spain.


The nucleotide sequence relatedness between the chromosome of Salmonella typhi and the virulence plasmid of Salmonella enteritidis was investigated using short DNA probes of < 2 kb covering the whole virulence plasmid sequence. Only one homologous region was detected. This region was subsequently cloned and partially sequenced. Sequences closely related to the pefl gene and the ORFs orf7, orf8 and orf9, which are located downstream of the fimbrial pef operon of the Salmonella typhimurium virulence plasmid, were detected. Sequencing of the cloned S. typhi DNA fragment also revealed identity with genes of the fimbrial sef operon characterized in the chromosome of S. enteritidis. These nucleotide sequences mapped upstream of the S. typhi chromosomal region homologous to the S. enteritidis virulence plasmid. The general organization of the cloned S. typhi chromosomal fragment was similar to the fimbriae-encoding region of the S. typhimurium virulence plasmid. The deduced product of orf8 in the S. typhimurium virulence plasmid, as well as those of the corresponding ORFs in the homologous region of the S. typhi chromosome and in the S. enteritidis virulence plasmid (designated dlt and dlp, respectively), appeared to be related to the thioredoxin family of thiol: disulphide oxidoreductases. The dlp gene was able to complement the DTT-sensitive phenotype, the inability to metabolize glucose 1-phosphate and the low alkaline phosphatase activity of a dsbA mutant of Escherichia coli. The dlt gene partially complemented the lack of alkaline phosphatase activity, but not the other mutant phenotypes. The products of both genes could be detected using the T7 RNA polymerase promoter expression system. The estimated molecular masses of the products of the dlt and dlp genes by SDS-PAGE were 26 and 23 kDa, respectively, the first being in agreement with the deduced amino acid sequence and the latter, somewhat smaller. The processing of a possible leader peptide in the Dlp protein, but not in the Dlt protein, could be responsible for this difference. The Dlp protein appeared as a doublet band on SDS-PAGE, which is characteristic of the oxidized and reduced states of this kind of protein.

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