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Trends Neurosci. 1997 May;20(5):204-12.

Presynaptic inhibition of elicited neurotransmitter release.

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Abteilung Zellphysiologie, Max-Planck-Institut für medizinische Forschung, Heidelberg, Germany.


Activation of presynaptic receptors for a variety of neurotransmitters and neuromodulators inhibits transmitter release at many synapses. Such presynaptic inhibition might serve as a means of adjusting synaptic strength or preventing excessive transmitter release, or both. Previous evidence showed that presynaptic modulators inhibit Ca2+ channels and activate K+ channels at neuronal somata. These modulators also inhibit spontaneous transmitter release by mechanisms downstream of Ca2+ entry. The relative contribution of the above mechanisms to the inhibition of elicited release has been debated for a long time. Recent evidence at synapses where the relationship between transmitter release and presynaptic Ca2+ influx has been well characterized suggests that inhibition of presynaptic voltage-dependent Ca2+ channels plays the major role in presynaptic inhibition of elicited neurotransmitter release. In addition, modulation of the release machinery might contribute to inhibition of elicited release.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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