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Jpn J Cancer Res. 1997 Mar;88(3):254-61.

Intragenic Tsc2 somatic mutations as Knudson's second hit in spontaneous and chemically induced renal carcinomas in the Eker rat model.

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Department of Experimental Pathology, Cancer Institute, Tokyo.


We searched for the rat homologue of the human tuberous sclerosis (TSC2) gene mutations in loss of heterozygosity (LOH)-negative Eker rat renal carcinomas (RCs) by polymerase chain reaction-single-strand conformational polymorphism (PCR-SSCP) analysis using 45 primer sets covering all 41 coding exons and one leader exon including splicing donor/acceptor sites. We have identified intragenic somatic mutations in 7 of 21 spontaneous RCs, including one cell line (33%), and in 3 of 9 (33%) N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea (ENU)-induced LOH-negative RCs. Interestingly, five mutations in the spontaneous RCs were either deletion or duplication (5/7 = 71%). In contrast, all three in ENU-induced RCs were base substitutions (3/3 = 100%), as expected. Thus, a qualitative difference in the second hit might exist between spontaneous and ENU-induced mutations (e.g., deletion or duplication versus point mutation). By a direct cloning approach utilizing the restriction length difference caused by germline insertional mutation or reverse transcriptase-PCR analysis in two applicable cases, we could clearly show the presence of intragenic somatic mutations in the second copy (wild-type) of the Tsc2 gene. This is the first demonstration at the DNA sequence level of the validity of Knudson's two-hits hypothesis in the Tsc2 gene.

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