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Br J Pharmacol. 1997 Mar;120(5):865-75.

Modulation of the firing activity of noradrenergic neurones in the rat locus coeruleus by the 5-hydroxtryptamine system.

Author information

1
Neurobiological Psychiatry Unit, McGill University, Montréal, Québec, Canada.

Abstract

1. The aim of the present study was to investigate the putative modulation of locus coeruleus (LC) noradrenergic (NA) neurones by the 5-hydroxytryptaminergic (5-HT) system by use of in vivo extracellular unitary recordings and microiontophoresis in anaesthetized rats. To this end, the potent and selective 5-HT1A receptor antagonist WAY 100635 (N-[2-[4(2-methoxyphenyl)-1-piperazinyl]-N-(2-pyridinyl) cyclohexanecarboxamide trihydroxychloride) was used. 2. In the dorsal hippocampus, both local (by microiontophoresis, 20 nA) and systemic (100 micrograms kg-1, i.v.) administration of WAY 100635 antagonized the suppressant effect of microiontophorectically-applied 5-HT on the firing activity of CA3 pyramidal neurones, indicating its antagonistic effect on postsynaptic 5-HT1A receptors. 3. WAY 100635 and 5-HT failed to modify the spontaneous firing activity of LC NA neurones when applied by microiontophoresis. However, the intravenous injection of WAY 100635 (100 micrograms kg-1) readily suppressed the spontaneous firing activity of LC NA neurones. 4. The lesion of 5-HT neurones with the neurotoxin 5,7-dihydroxytryptamine increased the spontaneous firing activity of LC NA neurones and abolished the suppressant effect of WAY 100635 on the firing activity of LC NA neurones. 5. In order to determine the nature of the 5-HT receptor subtypes mediating the suppressant effect of WAY 100635 on NA neurone firing activity, several 5-HT receptor antagonists were used. The selective 5-HT3 receptor antagonist BRL 46470A (10 and 100 micrograms kg-1, i.v.), the 5-HT1D receptor antagonist GR 127935 (100 micrograms kg-1, i.v.) and the 5-HT1A/1B receptor antagonist (-)-pindolol (15 mg kg-1, i.p.) did not prevent the suppressant effect of WAY 100635 on the firing activity of LC NA neurones. However, the suppressant effect of WAY 100635 was prevented by the non-selective 5-HT receptor antagonists spiperone (1 mg kg-1, i.v.) and metergoline (1 mg kg-1, i.v.), by the 5-HT2 receptor antagonist ritanserin (500 micrograms kg-1, i.v.). It was also prevented by the 5-HT1A receptor/alpha 1D-adrenoceptor antagonist BMY 7378 (1 mg kg-1, i.v.) and by the alpha 1-adrenoceptor antagonist prazosin (100 micrograms kg-1, i.v.). 6. These data support the notion that the 5-HT system tonically modulates NA neurotransmission since the lesion of 5-HT neurones enhanced the LC NA neurones firing activity and the suppressant effect of WAY 100635 on the firing activity of NA neurones was abolished by this lesion. However, the location of the 5-HT1A receptors involved in this complex circuitry remains to be elucidated. It is concluded that the suppressant effect of WAY 100635 on the firing activity of LC NA neurones is due to an enhancement of the function of 5-HT neurones via a presynaptic 5-HT1A receptor. In contrast, the postsynaptic 5-HT receptor mediating this effect of WAY 100635 on NA neurones appears to be of the 5-HT2A subtype.

PMID:
9138693
PMCID:
PMC1564533
DOI:
10.1038/sj.bjp.0700968
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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