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J Am Anim Hosp Assoc. 1997 May-Jun;33(3):197-204.

Multiple risk factors for the gastric dilatation-volvulus syndrome in dogs: a practitioner/owner case-control study.

Author information

1
Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, School of Veterinary Medicine, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907-1243, USA.

Abstract

A study was conducted of 101 dogs (i.e., case dogs) that had acute episodes of gastric dilatation-volvulus (GDV) and 101 dogs (i.e., control dogs) with nonGDV-related problems. The control dogs were matched individually to case dogs by breed or size, and age. Predisposing factors that significantly (p less than 0.10) increased a dog's risk of GDV were male gender, being underweight, eating one meal daily, eating rapidly, and a fearful temperament. Predisposing factors that decreased the risk of GDV significantly were a "happy" temperament and inclusion of table foods in a usual diet consisting primarily of dry dog food. The only factor that appeared to precipitate an acute episode of GDV was stress.

PMID:
9138229
DOI:
10.5326/15473317-33-3-197
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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