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Cancer Chemother Pharmacol. 1997;40(1):23-30.

Cellular uptake and antitumor activity of the new anthracycline analog DA-125 in human cancer cell lines.

Author information

1
Laboratory of Cell Biology, Cancer Research Institute, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Korea.

Abstract

To predict the clinical usefulness of DA-125, a newly developed doxorubicin analog, we compared its antitumor activity against 20 different human cancer cell lines with that of doxorubicin using the MTT in vitro chemosensitivity test. We also measured and compared the cellular uptake of this drug and doxorubicin in two cancer cell lines and their doxorubicin-resistant sublines. In the MTT test, DA-125 showed lower IC50 values than doxorubicin for 14 of 20 cell lines. DA-125 was more potent than doxorubicin for hepatocellular cancer cells with high mdr 1 expression. Among cancer cells from the stomach and colon, DA-125 was more potent than doxorubicin in 12 of 14 cell lines. We also investigated the cross-resistance of this drug with doxorubicin using four doxorubicin-resistant cancer cell sublines. Except in one cell line, there was very low cross-resistance. Cellular drug-uptake experiments were performed for two gastric cancer cell lines and their doxorubicin-resistant sublines. In this experiment, DA-125 was found to be very rapidly and completely converted to its active metabolite, M1, in the culture media. After this conversion, M1 was incorporated into these cancer cells more rapidly and reached higher intracellular concentrations than doxorubicin, suggesting that DA-125 (as M1) could achieve earlier and higher levels of intracellular accumulation than doxorubicin in its target tissues from the bloodstream. As a possible alternative antineoplastic agent to doxorubicin, DA-125 awaits further evaluation for its antitumor activity and toxicity.

PMID:
9137525
DOI:
10.1007/s002800050620
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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