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AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 1997 May 1;13(7):583-91.

Characterization and titration of an HIV type 1 subtype E chimpanzee challenge stock.

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  • 1Institut Pasteur, Paris, France.


A subtype E human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) isolate from the Central African Republic (E/90CR402) was adapted to growth on chimpanzee peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) by cocultivation of irradiated, infected human PBMCs with chimpanzee PBMCs. The resulting virus was passaged in chimpanzee PBMCs to generate a stock of chimpanzee-adapted virus. Although its V3 region sequence was identical to that of the parental isolate, the chimpanzee-adapted virus had a syncytium-inducing phenotype as opposed to the non-syncytium-inducing phenotype of the parental virus. After demonstrating in one animal each that the passaged virus could infect chimpanzees following intravenous (i.v.) or cervical inoculation, the i.v. infectious titer of the stock was determined. Exposure of three chimpanzees to different doses of the virus indicated that the titer was between 2 and 5 TCID50. Thus, the HIV-1 E/90CR402 chimpanzee challenge stock established persistent infections in chimpanzees by both the i.v. and genital routes and should be valuable for future HIV-1 vaccine studies to evaluate cross-protection between HIV-1 subtypes.

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