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Eur J Cancer. 1997 Feb;33(2):232-7.

Ifosfamide and etoposide in childhood osteosarcoma. A phase II study of the French Society of Paediatric Oncology.

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  • 1Fédération d'Oncologie Pédiatrique, Children's Hospital, Marseille, France.


The aim of this phase II study was to determine the efficacy of high-dose ifosfamide with moderate dose etoposide in childhood osteosarcoma. From January 1992 to January 1995, 27 children (15 male, 12 female) with relapsed or refractory evaluable osteosarcoma were included in a phase II study of two courses of ifosfamide 3g/m2/day and etoposide 75 mg/m2/day for 4 days. Median age was 14 years (7-19 years). All but one had received high-dose methotrexate and doxorubicin as first-line treatment. 22 patients had previously received ifosfamide. This regimen was given as first-line in 1 patient, second-line in 23 and third-line in 3. Evaluable disease was lung metastases in 21 patients, local relapse in 5 and adenopathy in 1. There were six complete responses, seven partial responses, three minor responses, six stable disease and five progressive disease (including one mixed response). Response rate was 48% (95% confidence interval, 29-67%). Duration of response was not available (10 responding patients had other treatments). Response rate was equivalent in the subgroup of 22 patients who had previously received ifosfamide (4 CR, 6 PR). Among 3 patients who received the phase II regimen as third-line chemotherapy, there was 1 PR. All but 4 patients had a well tolerated grade 4 neutropenia. Transient mild confusion or seizures were each observed once. 5 patients are alive 15-31 months after the beginning of chemotherapy. This combination of drugs at this dosage has tolerable toxicity, is efficient and deserves evaluation in phase III studies.

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