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Int J Cancer. 1997 Apr 22;74(2):189-92.

Glucose-transporter-type-I-gene amplification correlates with sialyl-Lewis-X synthesis and proliferation in lung cancer.

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First Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, Tokai University, Kanagawa, Japan.


Increased glucose transport is a common characteristic of most tumors. To examine the role of elevated glucose uptake in lung cancer, we performed PCR amplification of 2 facilitative glucose transporter genes (GLUT1 and GLUT3) and immunohistochemical staining for GLUT1, proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), and sialyl Lewis x (sLe(x)) on tumor specimens from 327 patients with lung cancer who underwent surgical resection from 1980 to 1993. To evaluate the relationship between GLUT, alpha-2,3-sialyltransferase (ST), and alpha-1,3-fucosyltransferase (Fuc-T) genes, PCR amplification of the ST3N and Fuc-TVII also was performed. Amplification of GLUT1 was significantly greater than that of GLUT3. GLUT1 and GLUT3 amplification correlated with PCNA staining (p < 0.01). In addition, GLUT1 amplification correlated with the grading of sLe(x) staining as well as with the grading of GLUT1 staining (p < .03, p < 0.01). GLUT1 was co-amplified with ST3N and Fuc-TVII genes, which are involved in the synthesis of sLe(x) (p < 0.01). The survival of patients whose tumors showed GLUT1 amplification was significantly shorter than that of patients whose tumors did not (p < 0.01). In a multivariate analysis of survival, GLUT1 remained a statistically significant prognostic factor. Our results suggest that GLUT1 amplification may participate in sLe(x) synthesis as well as in proliferation, and may be of prognostic value in lung cancer.

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