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Immunity. 1997 Apr;6(4):491-500.

Distinct roles in lymphoid organogenesis for lymphotoxins alpha and beta revealed in lymphotoxin beta-deficient mice.

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Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06520, USA.


Lymphotoxin alpha (LT alpha)-deficient mice revealed critical roles for LT alpha in lymphoid organogenesis, but it is not clear whether LT alpha functions through an LT alpha homotrimer (LT alpha3) or LT alpha/beta heterotrimers. We generated LTbeta-deficient mice and found them to lack Peyer's patches, peripheral lymph nodes, splenic germinal centers, and follicular dendritic cells. Unlike LT alpha-deficient mice, LT beta-deficient mice had cervical and mesenteric lymph nodes. Furthermore, the mesenteric lymph nodes had germinal center-like regions, although these structures appeared to lack follicular dendritic cells. The absence of cervical and mesenteric lymph nodes in LT alpha-deficient mice, and yet their presence in LT beta-deficient mice and in mice deficient in tumor necrosis factor receptor types I and II, suggest that LT alpha3 may signal via an as yet unidentified receptor.

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