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Fertil Steril. 1997 May;67(5):889-99.

Assessment of the role of serum luteinizing hormone and estradiol response to follicle-stimulating hormone on in vitro fertilization treatment outcome.

Author information

1
Corporate Medical Affairs, Geneva, Ares Serono, Switzerland.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To analyze the role of serum LH and of E2 secretion on IVF-ET outcome in patients stimulated with FSH.

DESIGN:

Using data from three studies, we analyzed ovarian response to FSH and IVF-ET outcome from two standpoints: [1] serum LH and [2] serum E2 on the day of hCG administration divided by the number of retrieved oocytes.

SETTING:

Twenty-six academic and private clinical centers.

PATIENT(S):

Three hundred twenty-three ovulatory patients eligible for IVF-ET.

INTERVENTION(S):

Patients were treated with a GnRH agonist and FSH and underwent IVF-ET.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S):

Follicular development, embryos, and pregnancy rate (PR).

RESULT(S):

Serum LH levels did not correlate significantly with number of oocytes retrieved, E2-oocyte ratio, fertilization rate, or PR. Five patient subpopulations were identified on the basis of E2-oocyte ratios: 0 to 70 (A), 70 to 140 (B), 140 to 210 (C), 210 to 280 (D), and > 280 (E) pg/mL per oocyte (conversion factor to SI unit, 3.671). Pregnancy rates were significantly different, i.e., 5.3%, 31.3%, 18.1%, 23.9%, and 20.4% for groups A, B, C, D, and E, respectively. Groups were not different in terms of baseline characteristics, number of follicles, fertilization rates, and number of embryos transferred.

CONCLUSION:

Patients with very low levels of LH respond to FSH alone as well as those with higher LH. The E2-oocyte ratio is a strong index of success rate.

PMID:
9130895
DOI:
10.1016/s0015-0282(97)81402-1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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