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Am J Med Genet. 1997 May 2;70(1):87-94.

Partial trisomy 17q22-qter and partial monosomy Xq27-qter in a girl with a de novo unbalanced translocation due to a postzygotic error: case report and review of the literature on partial trisomy 17qter.

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Department of Genetics, Institute of Child Health, Athens, Greece.


Partial trisomy 17q22-qter is a rare but well-recognized clinical entity. We present a case of partial trisomy for the long arm of chromosome 17, which was detected in a female infant with severe psychomotor and somatic retardation, Stargardt disease, short limbs, and numerous minor anomalies. Differential chromosomal staining demonstrated an excess of genetic material on the long arm of the late replicating X chromosome. FISH and DNA polymorphism analysis showed that the extra material belonged to the distal part of the long arm of chromosome 17 and that there was a partial monosomy of the distal part of the long arm of the derivative X chromosome. The breakpoint regions of this translocation were identified by molecular analysis using polymorphic microsatellite markers on human chromosomes 17 and X. The origin of the abnormal X chromosome was found to be paternal, whereas the origin of the duplicated part of chromosome 17 was maternal. The unbalanced translocation between the paternal X and the maternal chromosome 17 is, therefore, suggested to be due to a postzygotic error.

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