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Blood. 1997 May 1;89(9):3451-6.

Abnormal erythrocyte endothelial adherence in hereditary stomatocytosis.

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1
Department of Medicine, University of Rochester School of Medicine, NY 14620, USA.

Abstract

Hereditary stomatocytosis is a red cell membrane protein disorder, which results in hemolytic anemia. Some patients with hereditary stomatocytosis experience dyspnea, chest pain, and abdominal pain, particularly after splenectomy. These symptoms may represent vaso-occlusion secondary to adherence of an abnormal erythrocyte membrane to vascular endothelium. We studied three members of a family with varying clinical expression of hereditary stomatocytosis. Adherence of red cells to endothelium was quantified by measuring the shear force required to separate individual cells from endothelial monolayers using a micropipette technique. Two patients with symptoms of in situ thromboses had a higher percentage of adherent cells compared with their asymptomatic sibling and normal controls. Correlation between this in vitro phenomenon and the clinical course suggests that flow abnormalities in the microcirculation attributable to erythrocyte endothelial adherence may play an important pathogenetic role in the illness. When the proportion of adherent red cells was reduced by a chronic transfusion program in one patient and pentoxifyllin therapy in another, the vaso-occlusive complications were eliminated.

PMID:
9129053
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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