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Eur J Clin Chem Clin Biochem. 1997 Mar;35(3):191-8.

Estimation of myocardial infarct size from plasma myoglobin or fatty acid-binding protein. Influence of renal function.

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1
Department of Clinical Chemistry, Academic Hospital, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Abstract

Myoglobin (M(r) 18,000) and fatty acid-binding protein (M(r) 15,000), are low molecular mass cytoplasmic proteins that are considered useful biochemical markers for early detection or exclusion of acute myocardial infarction, and also for early estimation of infarct size. As each of these proteins shows renal clearance, we studied the influence of renal function on the estimation of infarct size from their plasma concentration curves. For this, infarct size estimated from plasma myoglobin or fatty acid-binding protein release curves was compared with that estimated with the established infarct size markers hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase and creatine kinase, which are not influenced by changes in renal function. The discordance between infarct size estimates was related to renal function. Creatine kinase (EC 2.7.3.2), hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase (EC 1.1.1.27), myoglobin, fatty acid-binding protein and creatinine were assayed serially in plasma samples obtained frequently and for at least 72 hours after the start of thrombolytic therapy in 20 patients with acute myocardial infarction. Cumulative release of the different cardiac markers was calculated by using a two-compartment model for circulating proteins. Mean tissue contents of 156 U/g for hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase, 2163 U/g for creatine kinase, 2.79 mg/g for myoglobin and 0.57 mg/g wet weight for fatty acid-binding protein, were used to express infarct size in gram-equivalents of healthy myocardium per litre of plasma (g-eq/l). Mean plasma creatinine was obtained by averaging the creatinine concentrations measured in all plasma samples taken during the first 24 hours after acute myocardial infarction. A relation was found between the mean plasma creatinine concentration during the first 24 hours after acute myocardial infarction and the discordance between infarct size estimated from cumulative hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase release, compared to infarct size estimated from cumulative myoglobin or fatty acid-binding protein release. For patients with mean plasma creatinine concentrations within the reference interval for creatinine (group 1, n = 15) a good agreement was found between infarct size estimated from myoglobin or fatty acid-binding protein plasma curves and that estimated with either hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase or creatine kinase. However, for patients with a mean creatinine concentration above the upper reference limit (group 2, n = 5), infarct size calculated from plasma myoglobin or fatty acid-binding protein release curves was markedly overestimated, especially for larger infarcts. Estimation of infarct size from serial plasma myoglobin or fatty acid-binding protein concentrations is possible in the first 24 hours after the onset of symptoms, but only in patients with normal renal function, as estimated from plasma creatinine concentrations.

PMID:
9127740
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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