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Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 1997 Jan-Feb;27(1-2):7-12.

Antimicrobial activity of RU-66647, a new ketolide.

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Department of Pathology, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Iowa City, USA.


A new macrolide subclass called ketolides, possess a mode of action similar to the macrolide-lincosamide-streptogramin (MLS) compounds. Utilizing reference in vitro tests, the in vitro activity of RU-66647 (a ketolide) was compared to other MLS compounds against 376 Gram-positive organisms and over 400 representative strains of Gram-negative bacilli. The ketolide's spectrum was most similar to clindamycin and an earlier drug in the series (RU-64004 or RU-004) against staphylococci and streptococci. However, RU-66647 was more active than erythromycin and azithromycin against oxacillin-resistant Staphylococcus spp. and vancomycin-resistant enterococci. Ketolide activity was more potent than other MLS drugs against vancomycin-susceptible enterococci (MIC90, 0.25-4 micrograms/ml) and all streptococci (MICs, < or = 0.25 microgram/ml). Erythromycin-resistant (constitutive) strains were generally inhibited by < or = 2 micrograms RU-66647/ml (staphylococci, 31 to 36%; streptococci, 100%; enterococci, 72%). RU-66647 was active against Haemophilus influenzae (MIC90, 2 micrograms/ml), Moraxella catarrhalis (MIC90, 0.12 microgram/ml), and pathogenic Neisseria spp. (MIC90 0.5 microgram/ml). The ketolide failed to inhibit Enterobacteriaceae, nonfermentative Gram-negative bacilli, and Bacteriodes fragilis group strains. RU-66647 was observed to be a promising new compound directed toward some organisms resistant to other MLS-class drugs.

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