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J Neurol Sci. 1997 May 1;148(1):41-5.

Amyloid beta protein 42(43) in cerebrospinal fluid of patients with Alzheimer's disease.

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Department of Neurology, Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan.


To investigate the pathomechanism of amyloid beta protein (A beta) deposition in brains with Alzheimer's disease (AD), cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) levels of A beta species (CSF-A beta) with different carboxy termini, i.e. A betaX-40 and A betaX-42(43) as well as A beta1-40 and A beta1-42(43), were measured in patients with AD and age-matched controls without dementia (CTR) using sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs). The present study revealed that both CSF-A betaX-42(43) and A beta1-42(43) levels were significantly lower in the AD patients (P<0.005) than in the CTR group, whereas neither CSF-A betaX-40 nor CSF-A beta1-40 levels showed any differences between the two groups. In addition, although there was no difference between the ratios of A betaX-40 to A beta1-40 in the AD and CTR groups, the ratios of A betaX-42(43) to A beta1-42(43) were increased in the AD group compared with those in the CTR group (P<0.05). Therefore, it can be assumed that the ratios of amino terminal truncations and/or modifications of CSF-A beta42(43) with carboxy termini ending at residue 42(43) were more increased in the AD group than in the CTR group. Increased adsorption of A beta42(43) to A beta deposition in AD brains, decreased secretion of A beta42(43) to CSF and/or increased clearance of A beta42(43) from CSF might explain the diminished levels of A beta42(43) in the CSF of AD patients. In addition, CSF-A beta42(43) could reflect increased amino terminal truncations and/or modifications of A beta42(43) in AD brains.

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