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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1997 Mar 18;94(6):2295-300.

Stat5 is a physiological substrate of the insulin receptor.

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Department of Microbiology, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA.


Using the cytoplasmic domain of the insulin receptor (IR) in a yeast two-hybrid screen, we identified a cDNA clone encoding the C-terminal 308 amino acids of human Stat5b (Stat5b-Ct). Stat5b-Ct is tyrosine phosphorylated by purified IR kinase domain in vitro. Insulin stimulates tyrosine phosphorylation of overexpressed Stat5b-Ct and endogenous Stat5 in cells overexpressing IR. Stat5 may be a direct target of the IR and, as a member of the Stat family of transcription factors, may play a role in the regulation of gene transcription by insulin. In support of this hypothesis, perfusion of mouse liver with insulin promotes rapid tyrosine phosphorylation of Stat5 and activation of Stat5 DNA binding. Moreover, refeeding of fasted mice leads to rapid tyrosine phosphorylation and stimulation of enhanced DNA-binding activity of Stat5 extracted from liver, skeletal muscle, and adipose tissues. Taken together, our data strongly suggest that IR interacts with and phosphorylates Stat5 in vitro and in tissues physiologically sensitive to insulin.

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