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Parasite Immunol. 1997 Jan;19(1):1-11.

Analysis of the immune response elicited by a multiple antigen peptide (MAP) composed of two distinct protective antigens derived from the parasite Schistosoma mansoni.

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1
CNSR URA 1854, Institute Pasteur, Lille, France.

Abstract

In this report we analyse the immune response elicited by a Multiple Antigen Peptide (MAP), containing three peptide sequences derived from two distinct vaccine candidates against schistosomiasis; the Schistosoma mansoni 28 kDa Gluthatione-S-Transferase (Sm28GST) and the Schistosoma mansoni Triose-Phosphate-Isomerase (sTPI). We examined the immunogenicity of this construct, named MAP 'DA', in three distinct mouse strains. The B-cell response, studied by measuring the production of different IgG isotypes, was mainly directed against the peptide derived from the Sm28GST, but also against the whole Sm28GST protein. In contrast, the T-cell response, as assessed by proliferation assay and cytokine mRNA expression, was directed against the MAP construct, the peptides derived from the sTPI protein and the whole sTPI protein. Significantly, T-cells from all MAP 'DA'-immunized mice, restimulated in vitro was the sTPI antigen, expressed IFN-gamma specific messengers. This cytokine has been described to play a major role in the reduction of the Schistosoma mansoni pathology. We thus demonstrate that a single MAP construct, composed of peptides from distinct antigens of Schistosoma mansoni, induced a B- and T-cell response, including production of potentially protective IFN-gamma, irrespective of the MHC background.

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