Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Clin Invest. 1997 Apr 1;99(7):1478-83.

Hyperexpression of mitogen-activated protein kinase in human breast cancer.

Author information

  • 1Department of Surgery, University Medical Center, SUNY/Stony Brook, New York 11794, USA.

Abstract

Mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases act as transducers of extracellular signaling via tyrosine kinase-growth factor receptors and G-protein-linked receptors to elements regulating transcription. The activity, abundance, and localization of MAP kinase was investigated in normal and malignant neoplasia of the breast. In carcinoma of the breast, MAP kinase was heavily phosphorylated on tyrosyl residues and its activity elevated 5-10-fold over benign conditions, such as fibroadenoma and fibrocystic disease. By in situ reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, hyperexpression of MAP kinase mRNA can be localized to malignant, epithelial cells. Metastatic cells within involved lymph nodes of patients with breast cancer also display hyperexpression of MAP kinase. In spite of persistent activation via phosphorylation, MAP kinase expression is upregulated 5-20-fold and this hyperexpression may be a critical element to initiation as well as the metastatic potential of various forms of human breast cancer.

PMID:
9119990
PMCID:
PMC507966
DOI:
10.1172/JCI119309
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Journal of Clinical Investigation Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center