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FEMS Microbiol Lett. 1997 Feb 15;147(2):259-65.

Survival of Vi-capsulated and Vi-deleted Salmonella typhi strains in cultured macrophage expressing different levels of CD14 antigen.

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Department of Microbiology, Gifu University, School of Medicine, Japan.


We examined the intracellular survival of Vi-capsulated (lipopolysaccharide; (LPS)-masked) and Vi-deleted (LPS-exposed) Salmonella typhi strains inside macrophage cell lines. Growth of LPS-exposed S. typhi was inhibited in both mouse and human macrophage cell lines. However, the LPS-exposed strain survived in a CD14-deficient mouse macrophage cell lines. Wild-type S. typhi strain, which expressed the Vi antigen and masked LPS, survived in the resting human macrophage cell line. When the Vi-capsulated S. typhi entered the cells, the production of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) was suppressed. In contrast, S. typhimurium and LPS-exposed S. typhi stimulated the macrophages to produce a high level of TNF-alpha.

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