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Dis Colon Rectum. 1997 Mar;40(3):317-21.

Vitamin D3 analog, EB1089, inhibits growth of subcutaneous xenografts of the human colon cancer cell line, LoVo, in a nude mouse model.

Author information

1
University of New South Wales, Department of Surgery, Sydney, Australia.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

In this study, we investigated the effect of the vitamin D3 analog, EB1089, on the growth of subcutaneous xenografts of the human colon cancer cell line, LoVo, in a nude mouse model.

METHODS:

BALB/c Nu/Nu nude mice were inoculated subcutaneously with 10(6) LoVo cells. EB1089 dissolved in isopropanol was administered intraperitoneally and orally on alternate days at doses of 0.1, 0.5, and 2.5 microg/kg/day. Control animals received isopropanol alone. Tumor volumes estimated using the formula 0.5 X length X (width)2. The tumor kinetic index was determined by immunohistochemical detection of proliferating cell nuclear antigen.

RESULTS:

Significant dose-dependent inhibition of tumor growth was seen. After 20 days of treatment with 0.1 microg/kg/day EB1089, mean tumor volume in treated mice was 41 to 49 percent less than that in control animals (P < 0.01). Significant inhibition of tumor growth was also seen with 0.5 microg/kg/day EB1089 after 22 days of treatment (51 percent of control P < 0.01). Treatment with 2.5 microg/kg/day resulted in weight loss that required termination of this group; these mice were subsequently found to be hypercalcemic. The tumor kinetic index was significantly lower in tumors treated with 0.1 microg/kg/day EB1089 compared with that for control tumors (8 vs. 30 percent in controls).

CONCLUSION:

These findings suggest that the vitamin D3 analog, EB1089, is a potent antiproliferative agent for some human colon cancers.

PMID:
9118747
DOI:
10.1007/bf02050422
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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