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Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1997 Mar;155(3):875-80.

The effect of ABT-761, a novel 5-lipoxygenase inhibitor, on exercise- and adenosine-induced bronchoconstriction in asthmatic subjects.

Author information

1
Department of Respiratory Diseases, University Hospital, Ghent, Belgium.

Abstract

Leukotrienes have been implicated in the bronchoconstriction caused by indirect stimuli. In the present study we examined the effect of oral ABT-761, a novel 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) inhibitor, on exercise- and adenosine (AMP)-induced bronchoconstriction in nine asthmatics. At the four 1-d, single-dose treatment periods, ABT-761 (200 mg) or placebo (P) was ingested 5 h before challenge in a double-blind, crossover fashion. At study periods 1 and 2 the subjects performed an exercise challenge and at study periods 3 and 4 an AMP challenge. Pretreatment with ABT-761 caused a significant inhibition of the maximal percentage fall of FEV1 from baseline (p = 0.037) and a reduction of the percentage fall in FEV1 (area under the curve, AUC) of 61.4 +/- 14.1% (mean +/- SEM) after exercise challenge (p = 0.021). Although pretreatment with ABT-761 did not significantly inhibit the maximal fall of FEV1 after AMP challenge (p = 0.134), the overall bronchoconstriction was significantly inhibited, the AUC being reduced by a mean (+/- SEM) of 82.7 +/- 7.2% (p = 0.012). There was no significant correlation between the protective effect against exercise and that against AMP for individual patients. The percentage change in urinary leukotriene E4 (LTE4) excretion at exercise was + 18.1 +/- 10.9% on placebo and -44.8 +/- 6.2% after ABT-761 (p = 0.017); changes at adenosine were + 38.5 +/- 27.0% on placebo and -36.7 +/- 9.8% after ABT-761 (p = 0.028). On placebo, exercise produced a marked stimulation of the ex vivo LTB4 production, whereas adenosine was associated with only a minor increase; ABT-761 caused a greater than 90% inhibition (p < 0.05 for both challenges). We conclude that ABT-761 is a potent and long-acting 5-LO inhibitor which significantly attenuates exercise- and adenosine-induced bronchoconstriction, indicating that leukotrienes are important mediators in both challenges.

PMID:
9117020
DOI:
10.1164/ajrccm.155.3.9117020
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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