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Acta Paediatr. 1997 Jan;86(1):51-6.

Influences on breastfeeding in southeast England.

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1
Department of Paediatrics, University of Auckland, New Zealand.

Abstract

Factors associated with not exclusively breastfeeding at discharge from the obstetric hospital and with duration of breastfeeding were examined in 700 randomly sampled infants. Obstetric records were examined in 97.7% of the subjects and 73.0% of subject families were interviewed. There were 444 (66.5%) infants exclusively breastfed at discharge from the obstetric hospital. Factors associated with not exclusively breastfeeding at discharge from the obstetric hospital after adjusting for potential confounders were: mother leaving school aged less than 18 years, mother not attending antenatal classes and the use of a dummy in the 2 weeks before the interview. Bed sharing practice in the 2 weeks before the interview was associated with exclusively breastfeeding at discharge from the obstetric hospital. Factors associated with a shorter duration of breastfeeding were: mother leaving school before 18 years of age, smoking 20 or more cigarettes per day and use of a dummy. Dummy use may causally reduce breastfeeding or might be a marker for breastfeeding difficulties. There was a dose-response relationship with smoking, with heavier smokers breastfeeding for the shortest time periods. Bed sharing was associated with a longer duration of breastfeeding. This may not necessarily be a causal relationship because breastfeeding may promote bed sharing. The effect of dummy use and bed sharing on breastfeeding warrants further study.

PMID:
9116426
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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