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Semin Oncol Nurs. 1997 May;13(2):74-81.

Applications of genetic technologies to cancer screening, prevention, diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment.

Author information

1
Medical Genetics Branch, National Human Genome Research Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892-1852, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To help oncology nurses to appreciate genetic contributions to carcinogenesis; to learn how genetic changes are connected to biological mechanisms underlying cancer initiation, promotion, and progression; and to become familiar with new genetic technologies being incorporated into clinical oncology practice.

DATA SOURCES:

Review of published professional journals and oncology textbooks.

CONCLUSIONS:

Molecular genetic approaches with high sensitivity and specificity offer new hope for the improved evaluation of potential carcinogens, cancer prevention, early and accurate diagnosis, more reliable prognosis, and effective treatment and monitoring of cancer. Effective translation of molecular technologies will require development of improved methods, clinical validation studies, high-quality control, multisite clinical outcome studies, and development of multidisciplinary collaborations.

IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING PRACTICE:

Oncology nurses are incorporating new genetic technologies into the following areas of practice: patient education, cancer prevention and control, diagnostic and prognostic testing, and treatment.

PMID:
9114474
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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