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Semin Oncol. 1994 Oct;21(5 Suppl 9):7-11.

Prevention of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting by tropisetron (Navoban) alone or in combination with other antiemetic agents.

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1
Medical Klinik, Department of Medical Oncology and Haematology, Nuremberg, Germany.

Abstract

We report an open, three-armed, multicenter study being carried out to assess the optimum treatment for acute and delayed emesis and nausea in patients undergoing highly emetogenic chemotherapy. Eighty-seven patients were randomized to receive tropisetron (Navoban; Sandoz Pharma Ltd, Basel, Switzerland), tropisetron plus dexamethasone, or tropisetron plus metoclopramide during chemotherapy. Tropisetron in combination with dexamethasone produced the best control of both acute and delayed emesis. Acute vomiting was prevented in 69% of patients by tropisetron monotherapy, and the addition of dexamethasone significantly increased the total control of vomiting to 92% (P < .01). Similarly for delayed vomiting, total control of emesis was seen in approximately 70% of patients on tropisetron alone during days 2 and 3; this control rate increased to almost 90% with combined tropisetron/ dexamethasone treatment. In all patients receiving cisplatin, the tropisetron/dexamethasone combination produced total control of acute emesis. The tropisetron and dexamethasone combination also provided the best control of acute and delayed nausea. Tropisetron produced total control of acute nausea in 69% of patients. The addition of dexamethasone increased this control rate to 81%. Similarly for delayed nausea, on days 2 and 3 of treatment, dexamethasone plus tropisetron provided total control of nausea in more than 80% of patients compared with a control rate of more than 60% achieved using tropisetron. The combination of tropisetron and metoclopramide did not improve significantly on the control of nausea and vomiting achieved using tropisetron alone. Evaluation of quality of life events by patients indicated no appreciable change in their mental or physical condition during chemotherapy, irrespective of antiemetic therapy. In the tropisetron and tropisetron plus metoclopramide treatment groups, a decreased food intake was observed due to delayed nausea while the addition of dexamethasone prevented loss of appetite. The antiemetic treatments were similarly well tolerated. The most common adverse events were constipation (15%) and tiredness (7%).

PMID:
9113120
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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