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Oncol Res. 1997;9(1):19-29.

Synergistic effects of curcumin on all-trans retinoic acid- and 1 alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3-induced differentiation in human promyelocytic leukemia HL-60 cells.

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1
Department of Chemical Biology, College of Pharmacy, Rutgers, State University of New Jersey, Piscataway 08855, USA.

Erratum in

  • Oncol Res 1997;9(2):99.

Abstract

Treatment of human promyelocytic leukemia HL-60 cells with 10 muM curcumin for 48 h inhibited cellular proliferation and induced small increases in differentiation (100-200%) as measured by the proportion of cells that reduced nitroblue tetrazolium (NBT) and expressed Mac-1. Synergistic induction of differentiation as measured by the above markers was observed when 1-10 muM curcumin was combined with 10-100 nM all-trans retinoic acid (RA) or with 100 nM 1 alpha, 25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (vitamin D3). Cell morphology and flow cytometric studies (with the monocytic surface antigen CD14) indicated that combinations of RA and curcumin stimulated differentiation predominantly to granulocytes whereas combinations of vitamin D3 and curcumin stimulated differentiation predominantly to monocytes. Studies on cell cycle kinetics indicated that treatment of HL-60 cells with a combination of RA and curcumin for 48 or 96 h reduced the proportion of cells in the S phase of the cell cycle and increased the proportion of cells in the G0/G1 phase of the cell cycle to a greater extent than occurred for cells treated with either compound alone. Combinations of vitamin D3 and curcumin did not alter cell cycle kinetics to a greater extent than was observed for either compound alone. Combinations of RA and curcumin or vitamin D3 and curcumin inhibited the proliferation of HL-60 cells to a greater extent than was observed for either compound alone. The results indicate that curcumin is a weak stimulator of differentiation in HL-60 cells and that is has synergistic effects when combined with RA or vitamin D3. Combinations of curcumin and RA have a particularly potent inhibitory effect on the proliferation of HL-60 cells.

PMID:
9112257
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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