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Hear Res. 1997 Apr;106(1-2):66-82.

Interaural delay-dependent changes in the binaural difference potential in cat auditory brainstem response: implications about the origin of the binaural interaction component.

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Department of Biophysics, Faculty of Medicine, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey.


Auditory brainstem responses (ABRs) evoked by dichotic clicks with 12 different interaural delays (ITDs) between 0 and 1500 microsecond(s) were recorded from the vertices of 10 cats under ketamine anesthesia. The so-called binaural difference potential (BDP), considered to be an indicator of binaural interaction (BI), was computed by subtracting the sum of the two monaural responses from the binaural one. The earliest and most prominent component of BDP was a negative deflection (DN1) at a latency between 4 and 4.8 ms. Like all the other components of BDP, DNI was also due to binaural reduction rather than enhancement of the corresponding ABR wave, P4 in this case. Furthermore, the way its latency increased as a function of ITD was also not compatible with what would be predicted by the delay-line coincidence detector models based on the excitatory-excitatory units in the medial superior olive (MSO). We therefore proposed an alternative hypothesis for the origin of this BI component based on the inhibitory-excitatory (IE) units in the lateral superior olive (LSO). The computational model designed closely simulated the ITD-dependent attenuation and latency shifts observed in DN1. It was therefore concluded that the origin of this BI component in the cat's vertex-ABR could be the lateral lemniscal output of the LSO, although the delay lines which have been shown to exist also in the mammalian brain may play an important role in encoding ITDs.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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